Collection Artwork
1957 47 pr w01
William Hogarth (London, England, 1697 – 1764, London, England)
Characters and Caricaturas
1743
etching; first state
image size: 8 1/8 x 8 1/4 in.
paper size: 10 x 8 1/4 in.
board size: 12 1/4 x 10 5/8 in.
10 x 8 1/4 in.
Bequest of Edwin de Turck Bechtel
England, Europe
1957.47
Inscribed in pencil, lower right, on board: i/ [?]
Inscribed in pencil, verso, upper center: 8 ¾ x 10 ½ [upside-down]
Stamped in black ink, verso, lower left: 14300
Stamped in black ink, lower center, verso: [collector’s stamp]
Inscribed in pencil, verso, lower right: First State.

Object Label

France’s Louis XIV continued the rage for elaborate long hair. When his “natural glory” thinned, he resorted to wigs. The fashion spread beyond France, but not without controversy. A Massachusetts pastor’s “Essay Against Periwigs” condemned wigs as deceitful, unmanly, and against God. But like Renaissance beards, wigs signified masculinity and authority, connotations alive today in England’s judicial and political systems. In the 18th century, wigs became objects of satire. Hogarth mocks the pretentiousness of wig styles available to pompous aristocrats and men of power. His typology parodies the classical treatise on architectural orders by Roman author Vitruvius.

From the exhibition: Hair: Untangling a Social History (January 24 – June 6, 2004)

Ongoing Research

Research on our collection is ongoing. If you have resources you’d like to share, please contact Associate Curator Rebecca McNamara.

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Hair: Untangling a Social History
Exhibition
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